Many people have the desire for an Africa travel and want to learn more about it or to know which countries would be best to visit. But this question is actually not so easy and straightforward to answer. Africa is a vast and incredibly diverse continent, whether its vegetation, the matter of faith and culture, the way of life of the people or the exciting animal kingdom. But which would be the best travel destination for a first vacation here?
The first thing to consider if you want to go to there is which ‘Africa’ do you want to see. Is it the Orient, which is associated with countries like Morocco or Tunisia? Or is it the desire to walk in the footsteps of ancient cultures like Egypt? Maybe you long for dream beaches like those found in Kenya, Tanzania or Mauritius? Or you want to witness the wild Africa that is associated with Namibia or South Africa? There is really much to see here regardless of your taste.
Facts about Africa
Africa is the second largest continent after Asia with approx. 30 million square kilometers and is home to approx. 0.8 billion inhabitants, which is about 12% of the total earth population. The continent can be divided into the following regions:
- Northern Africa
- Central Africa
- Southern Africa
- Atlantic islands (the Canary Islands, Madeira or the Azores)
- Indian Ocean islands (Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, the Maldives etc.)
The deepest point is the Assalsee in Djibouti with 173 m below sea level and the highest elevation is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania with 5895 m. The longest rivers are the Nile 6,671 km, Congo 4,374 km and the Niger with 4,184 km. The most important regions in Africa are the Sahara in the north, the largest desert on earth, the green Congo Basin and the two smaller deserts Kalahari and Namib in the southwest Africa.
Unlike sub-Saharan Africa, Northern Africa was able to maintain its independence in the 18th and 19th centuries through its integration into the Arab cultural area. This is one reason why you can still find many historically interesting sites in the northern African states. The most famous of these are undoubtedly in Egypt – the pyramids of Giza, the Luxor, the Valley of the Kings or Abusimbel. But even in Morocco there is much culture to see like the old trading city of Marakesh or the royal city of Fes. The main tourist areas and most interesting sights are in Agadir (Morocco), Monastir and Djerba (Tunisia) and Hurghada (Egypt).
The area is bordered by the Sahara in the north and the mountains south of Congo. It is the greenest area of Africa. Here near the equator is the Congo Basin, the largest rainforest area in Africa. The largest part takes the damp savannah, which to northeast transits into dry savannah. Worth seeing here are the Serengeti and Kilimanjaro in Tanzania as well as the Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa includes various climate and vegetation zones as well as variety of sights. The two deserts Namib and Kalahari dominate the landscape in the southwest and middle south. In the south and southeast are mountain ranges and the more fertile areas, which are mainly used for winegrowing in the area of South Africa. Worth seeing here are especially the Kruger National Park and the Cape of Good Hope in Cape Town.
The Atlantic islands
The Azores, the Canaries, Madeira and the Cape Verde islands are among the Atlantic islands. Due to their location near the equator, all islands are holiday destinations for the whole year and offer a variety of landscapes, from the green islands of Madeira, La Palma or Gomera to the desert-like island of Fuerteventura with its miles of sandy beaches. These islands are the perfect location for a relaxing holiday on the beach.
The Indian Ocean islands
The Indian Ocean extends from the east coast of South Africa to Madagascar, Mauritius, La Réunion, the Seychelles to the Maldives, India to the west coast of Southeast Asia and Australia. In this always warm area between the equator and the tropic, you will find some of the most beautiful island paradise on earth, including the Seychelles, the Comoros, the Maldives, Mauritius, Sri Lanka or La Réunion – they are all beautiful and definitely worth the visit.
Climate and weather
The climate here is very diverse due to the huge size of the continent. The main factors of influence are the more than 9 million square kilometers of Sahara and the equator running through Africa. In general warm and hot weather prevails throughout Africa. In the far north of Africa there is a Mediterranean and partly subtropical climate like in Tunisia, Morocco or Egypt. The Sahara is extremely dry and hot during the day and cold at night due to the clear nights. Central Africa has a tropical climate with very high humidity. Here in Congo and the surrounding countries there are also large tracts of tropical rainforest. In eastern central Africa, there are some plateaus in the safari area of Tanzania and Kenya, which make the climate more temperate. Further south there are more dry areas as well as other deserts such as the Kalahari, the Namib and other areas with distinct savannah and steppe landscapes.
Africa – the dark continent
An Africa travel is a dream of many people, because nowhere else in the world the opposites are so closely together as on this continent. For animal lovers, it is the unchallenged dream continent number one. Nowhere else in the world is there such an overwhelming abundance of animal species. Nowhere else is there a wider living space for animals. Nowhere else is one so close to the wilderness