If you have chosen an Australia travel, you can probably spend your holiday here every year without feeling bored. Recreation, discovery, adventure, pure nature or mega cities: it is by far the most versatile destination for tourists. Due to the very low crime rate you can travel quite carefree without any major preparations. Overnight stays are available in different price ranges. The Australians are generally very easy-going, outgoing and uncomplicated. Australia is a very well-kept and clean country with many national parks and unique attractions. More than half of the 21 million inhabitants live in one of the five major cities.
The exotic part of the continent is in addition to its versatility especially fascinating. Australia is subtropical to tropical, has plenty of rainforest and is mostly desert. But east of the Great Dividing Range the landscape is lush and green.
Facts about Australia
Australia is the smallest of the continents with about 9 million square kilometers and has only about 32 million inhabitants. Most of them live in the Australian million cities of Sydney or Melbourne in the south of Australia or in the state of Queensland with the capital city of Brisbane.
The continent of Australia, on the other hand, can be divided into the two regions:
The highest peak of Australia, Mt. Wilhelm, is located in Papua New Guinea and is 4,509m high. The two longest rivers are the Darling with 2,740 km and the Murray with 2,570 km in Australia.
The middle west of Australia is formed by the deserts Great Sandy Desert, Gibson Desert and Great Victoria Desert. To the east is the Great Dividing Range, the largest mountain range in Australia. On the northeast coast of Australia is the Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral reef on earth.
Oceania covers the entire island world east of Australia in the Pacific and is subdivided into three subregions:
- Micronesia in the north – New Guinea, the Fijian Islands, Gilbert Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands
- Melanesia on the east coast of Australia – Guam, Belau, the Marianas and the Marshalls
- Polynesia in the Pacific – Tonga, Samoa, Tahiti & Franz. Polynesia and the Cook Islands
Australia, adventurous and beautiful
Australia travel is for adventurers and nature lovers. Much of the area of Australia is desert and steppe country, only in the southeast on the mountains of the Great Dividing Range there are larger fertile Australian regions. Since the continent is located largely in the area of the subtropical high-pressure belt, the summer here is very hot. Nevertheless, a variety of australian animal and plant species has specialized in life in the bush of Australia. Approximately 80% of them are endemic due to the isolated position of Australia, so they can only be found on the 5th continent.
Well-known and worth traveling are the states of New South Wales and Victoria with the metropolises Sydney and Melbourne, the Northern Territory with the capital Darwin, South Australia with the attractions Adelaide and Kangaroo Island as well as the regions Queensland with Brisbane and Cairns at the Great Barrier Reef. Here are some of the most popular locations:
Great Barrier Reef: The largest coral reef on earth
The Great Barrier Reef off the east coast is over 2,300 kilometers long, covers an area of approximately 350,000 km² and consists of almost 2,900 individual reefs. This makes it the largest coral reef in the world and one of the most popular attractions for sunbathers, divers, sailors, snorkelers and sea lovers. But the Whitsunday Islands in the middle of the reef with the world-famous Whitehaven Beach also attract visitors. Tourists should not miss the spectacular rock formations on the islands, the crystal-clear water, the snow-white beaches and the colorful underwater world of this previously intact ecosystem. In addition, the Ningaloo Reef, located on the west coast, has its own special charm due to its proximity to the shores and the surrounding national parks.
The Outback: Red heart, down under
The Outback is undoubtedly one of Australia’s most fascinating sights. About three-quarters of the country is governed by the rules of the dry, red and yet so vibrant outback. The most famous highlight, which almost no tourist misses, is the Ayers Rock (Uluru).In the middle of the heart of the country, the rock rises out of nowhere and mesmerizes countless people from all over the world. Especially at sunset, all tourists gather at the viewpoint to observe its spectacular changing colors. Even though this is a first-class nature experience, visiting the neighboring Olgas and mighty Kings Canyon is no less impressive. The Olgas (Kata Tjuta) are an absolute highlight of any Australia travel and should not be missed under any circumstances.
National parks: Wild, untouched and spectacular
But not only the outback in the red center reveals the beauty of the country. The Purnululu National Park, Kakadu National Park, Flinders Ranges National Park, Blue Mountains National Park, Nitmiluk National Park or the Daintree National Park are also very special attractions. There are also national parks, which are not inland, but located directly on the coast – Port Campbell National Park with the 12 Apostles, Cape Le Grand National Park with Lucky Bay or the Cape Range National Park with its beautiful Turquoise Bay.
Unique flora and fauna
No matter whether barren desert landscapes or tropical rainforest, the biodiversity of Australian plants is gigantic and extremely distinctive. But the wildlife could not be fancier. For example, the kangaroo, the koala, the platypus, the beak hedgehog (Ekidna), the Tasmanian devil, the saltwater crocodile, the cassowary or the emu characterize the country as the Eiffel Tower Paris. In addition to that, the countless venomous animals are very characteristic of the outstanding fauna of the continent.
Cities and villages
Australian cities have so much to offer. Sydney, for example, is one of the most modern metropolises on earth. With its approximately four million inhabitants, a very special flair, the impressive harbor, the beautiful Sydney Opera House, the striking Harbor Bridge and its distinct nightlife, every Sydney trip will be an unforgettable experience. But also the multicultural Melbourne, the pleasant Adelaide, the modern Brisbane, the economically strong Perth, the capital Canberra, the exotic Darwin, the tropical Cairns or the party and shopping metropolis Gold Coast each have lots to offer.
There are also some very special villages that do not convince because of their size or cultural diversity, but either have a very distinctive charm or are the starting point for very special attractions. Noteworthy are the alternative Byron Bay in the north of New South Wales, the wild Broome in the Kimberley region, the resort Airlie Beach (QLD) as a starting point to the Whitsunday Islands, Margaret River as the surf and wine Mecca of the West, the Opal desert town of Coober Pedy and Noosa (QLD) on the Sunshine Coast. These places are unique in the world and are therefore also very popular tourist attractions in Australia.
Dream beaches: Diving, surfing & relaxing
There are countless dream beaches on the 5th continent. Whether paradise conditions for snorkeling and diving in the crystal-clear water or gigantic waves for surfing, the beaches are certainly among the most sought after tourist attractions in Australia. Since there are so many different beaches in different climate & vegetation zones, they vary immensely depending on the region. For example, the northeast of the country has tropical palm beaches, while the south has wild, miles of coastline with a fascinating dune landscape and huge waves.
Islands: Untouched paradises off the coast
The Down World is as diverse as the rest of the country. There is certainly something for every taste. As the islands are distributed around the continent, they are fundamentally different because of their different geography. Highlights include the sand island of Fraser Island, the Whitsunday Islands in the Great Barrier Reef, the natural paradise of Kangaroo Island, the relaxed Rottnest Island, the remote Houtman Abrollo Islands, the popular Magnetic Island and the stunningly beautiful Lord Howe Island. Whether you want swimming, sailing, diving or hiking, there are perfect places for everything here.
Oceania, an island paradise
Many of the scattered archipelagos east of Australia have merged into sovereign states in the 1970s, for example Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, Kiribati or the Marshall Islands. Other islands are still under the administration of France, New Zealand or the USA. Many of the islands of Oceania are developed for tourism and seem like a paradise at the end of the world – sandy beaches, coral reefs, atolls, crystal clear waters and tropical vegetation. Cultural sights on the other hand are scarce here.
Climate and weather in Australia and Oceania
The climate in Australia is diverse. In the far north of the Northern Territory it is tropical and near the equator and in parts of Queensland – subtropical. The northwest monsoons bring heavy rain showers, which are the foundation of the lush existing vegetation there.
In the center of Australia it is mostly desert area with hot daytime temperatures and cold nights. That is why there are wide steppes and grasslands here. Only in the southeast, in the area of the metropolises Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide the climate is temperate.
In the west, the winds from the sea bring rather humid weather, but the farther north it gets drier and hotter. Only in Tasmania there is regularly snow.
Driving in Australia is different than in Europe. Obviously, driving on the left side of the road is the first thing to notice. Above all, it is important that you put together a realistic route. Find out exactly what distance you need to travel between cities and also where to refuel. A larger reserve canister is also a must for every car. Of course, this also applies to drinking water. In addition to that, you should not drive too fast even if it is tempting. In Australia, there are many wild animals, especially the kangaroo who may suddenly appear on the road.
With a rental car you are much more independent on a round trip. A car rental company allows you to pick and book a car of your choice at a very affordable rate.
Australia – the conclusion
The desire for endless space and healing nature attracts many people from all over the world for an Australia travel. The Australian Outback stretches on the horizon as a world of light, sun and sand – an immensely gigantic space as far as the eye can see. But Australia also means stunning coastlines, lush rainforests, paradisiacal beaches, colorful coral reefs and misty eucalyptus forests. The extent of the entire continent extends over several climate zones – from the wild south coast of the state of Victoria to tropical Queensland. The vast natural landscape coupled with the peculiar Australian plants and animals is a special experience for every nature lover.
Whether the friendliness of the people, the countless national parks or the endless beaches, Australia is simply full of highlights to explore. It would certainly not be wrong to claim that the whole continent provides a unique collection of distinctive landmarks. If you want to convince yourself, you have no choice but to travel Down Under once and let it take its toll on you. And if your holiday is still a long way off, you can at least learn a little more about this places and its riches.