North America stretches over unlimited widths and the possibilities and conditions in this part of the world appear just as infinite. A North America travel here ist therefore well worthy. The continent includes numerous mountains, endless landscapes, many island states and a large number of countries worth exploring. The whole expanse can be understood by the fact that North America encompasses ten time zones, covers an area of about 24,930,000 square kilometers and that about 440 million people inhabit this continent.
For many centuries, the indigenous peoples populated the various countries of the local continent and cultivated the areas of North America in many different ways. The cultural diversity of North America is inexhaustible. From the culture of the Indians to the one that emerged from the heritage of colonization, there is plenty to explore in all areas. The North American continent holds a wealth of opportunities to live its interests and fulfill its own personal dreams. For this reason countless tourists and migrants enter the continent of unlimited opportunities annually.
Countries of North America
Before the discovery of North America by the Europeans, there were no states and countries on this continent in the present sense. Tribal areas were the only borders that divided the vast expanses of North America. The current demarcation of countries and their languages are thus closely linked to the colonization. While the Spaniards landed on numerous islands and in the south of the continent, in the areas of today’s Mexico, the first English settlers landed in present-day Canada and the USA.
The capitals of North America reflect the politics, history, culture and traditions of each country. The insignia of past and present power, as well as their condition, accumulate in hardly any other place, as much as in the capitals. Since these are still relatively young compared to the European and Asian, the economic success of the country, its historical development and cultural diversity is particularly evident here.
From the magnificent buildings in Washington DC, which were held in the style of the ancient Greek temples as a sign of democracy, to the former colonial buildings of the Caribbean states, you can read the history of a country on its architecture.
The images that are generally associated with the Caribbean are endless sandy beaches, unique sunsets and tropical temperatures. But apart from this idyll, the Caribbean still hides completely different interesting facts.
The name Caribbean derives from the name of the European colonists that they had given to the original indigenous population of the Lesser Antilles. Even today, you can find indigenous rituals, such as the magic of voodoo, for example on the island of Haiti. The symbiosis of African, European, Asian and indigenous peoples leads to unique cultural manifestations in the Caribbean. The Pan-African movements and the religious rituals that were indigenous and Christian are just two of the many peculiarities that are found only in the Caribbean.
Islands of North America
The islands of the North American continent range from the Arctic hemispheres to the tropical ones. Many famous myths, such as those of the Bermuda Triangle and the cold, deadly reaches of Greenland, have emerged in this diversity of islands and their unique circumstances.
The variety of plants and animals that developed on the various North American islands separate from the continent by natural selection, once inspired Charles Darwin on his famous voyage on the survey ship “HMS Beagle” to his theory of evolution. The frequent thunderstorms, such as the notorious El Niño and the devastating hurricanes that can be found in these regions, give people an idea of the tremendous forces that shaped and still shape the landscape of the islands. Nevertheless, the islands of the North American continent provide a high attraction for tourists. The islands around the equator are a popular destination for tourists due to their tropical temperatures and beautiful landscapes. On the other hand, the countless natural conditions, such as the geysers in Greenland and the unique biodiversity of the tropical islands, are still an interesting area for scientists and enthusiasts.
North America Travel tips
A North America travel opens tremendous opportunities. Each of the more than thirty countries has its own individual history, culture, society and, as a result, its own sights in a wide range of areas to discover. The different climate conditions of North America also allow tourists and adventurers to choose their favorite weather conditions. From frosty cold in the polar region of Alaska and Greenland to the stifling heat of Mexico, you can indulge in your preferences to your heart’s desire. From the glorious mountains of the Rocky Mountains to the tropical conditions of the Caribbean islands, the visitor can also experience a variety of biotopes and landscapes, and explore their own particularities and circumstances.
Nature of North America
The diverse nature of North America ranges from the arctic cold with its eternal ice, over the local forests of Canada and the United States of America, in which endless valleys stretch to the tropical forests of the Caribbean islands and the steppes of southern Mexico. The majority of the area is located on the North American plate. However, some parts of the area of North America are located on the Pacific Plate. Because of the drifting of the two continental plates, they once formed the mighty mountains of the Alaska Range, the Rocky Mountains, the Western Cordillera and the Sierra Madre Occidental.
80 million years ago, it created the highest peak in North America, Mount McKinley, 6,194 meters high, located in the Alaska Range. The constellation of the two colliding earth plates has also created the world-famous San Andreas Fault. Since the plates interlock with each other during their continuous movement, this region is acutely earthquake-prone. The glaciers of the last ice age are responsible for the creation of the second largest lake in the world, the Upper Lake, situated between Canada and the USA. With its area of eighty-two thousand square kilometers it separates the two countries and together with the Niagara Falls offers a natural spectacle beyond compare.
The weather in North America ranges from the arctic cold of Greenland over the tropical heat of the Caribbean to the merciless heat of Mexico, which is in no way inferior to the temperatures of Central America. In the inner areas of North America and on the east coast prevails rather continental climate, which is rather temperate. However, the temperature fluctuations here, as almost everywhere on the North American continent, are extreme.
In general, the North American climate can be divided into five weather types. The northern regions are characterized by arctic to subarctic temperatures, where extremely cold, long winters are interrupted by very short, mild summers. In these regions you can also see the unique color splendor of the Northern Lights and the phenomenon of the polar night. Other climatic features are the changes in the weather in the Caribbean, the notorious El Niño and the hurricanes in the southwestern United States of America. Here each shows the indescribable destructive power of the weather of North America. This force of nature comes about as polar and tropical winds meet each other unhindered.
Animals of North America
In general, the species richness of the animals resembles the northern areas of Europe and Asia. However, numerous animal species migrated from South to Central to North America via the land bridge of Panama. Thus, the predators of the species Jaguar and Puma, as well as numerous snake species, arrived on the North American continent. Famous in North America’s animal kingdom are the multitude of bear species – black, brown (grizzlies) and polar bears.
Other special animals are the thick-headed sheep, caribou, moose, white-tailed deer, musk-oxen and elk. In the past, large herds of bison populated the prairies of the North American continent, but were greatly decimated by European settlers through hunting. Today these animals live only under protection of species in nature reserves.
Numerous relics of the time, which have changed the geography of North America, can today be regarded as breathtaking natural events. The mountain ranges of the Rocky Mountains, the Western Cordillera and the Sierra Madre are very interesting places as they emerge from the interlocking continental plates of the Pacific and North American continents. The numerous valleys and canyons in the heat of the semi-deserts are also unique. In Greenland, for example, you can see the geographical effects of global warming on the melting glaciers and the inland ice. The geographic center of the continent is Rugby in North Dakota since 1931 and is marked by a 4.5 meter high stone obelist.
North America means untouched nature, endless expanses and diverse climates: from icy glaciers to tropical beaches. Here pulsating cities meet lonely landscapes, historic buildings meet modern skyscrapers and indigenous peoples meet a colorful mix of different cultures. Whether you’re planning a multi-week trip in the USA, an exciting camper tour across Canada, a frosty expedition in Alaska or a relaxing beach holiday on Hawaii, here you will discover the most beautiful corners of the continent – perfect for a North America travel.